If you’re one of those people who has dogs or likes to do something outside, it’s worth learning about tick-borne diseases and what you can do to prevent them .
Ticks are one of the insects everyone hates. These are some sort of hematophagous parasites , which basically means that they feed on blood. Any blood-fed insect is a potential hazard because it can infect you or a pet with a disease. Today’s subject is one of the most dangerous insects with mosquitoes.
Some of their preferred victims include mammals, birds and reptiles. They are all over the world . They are easy to spread because a few ticks can stay on you for days without you noticing. It may be difficult to find ticks on long-haired pets.
There are two basic tick types and it is worth knowing the difference between soft ticks and hard ticks. The second type is what you have to worry about, because they are the main type of tick you can find on yourself or on your pet. Dog tick, one of the most common, is found all over the US.
When a tick feeds on your blood, can infect you with microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria or protozoa . These microorganisms are the main cause of health problems caused by tick bites.
Some of the most common diseases transmitted by ticks:
This disease comes from a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. Tick species that carry this bacterium, Ixodes scapularis (or deer tick), live all over the United States. If you have a tick bite and you want to make sure you don’t get Lyme disease  as a result, you need to follow a few weeks to see if a red ring is formed around the bite.
If you detect early, you can treat Lyme disease with antibiotics. Although there is no cure for advanced Lyme disease, it can still cure symptoms. If left untreated, it may cause joint inflammation or facial paralysis.
This can come from three types of bacteria that a tick can carry. This is one of the most serious of all diseases caused by ticks . Symptoms Similar to symptoms of influenza : fever, chills, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. You can get rid of it with antibacterial drugs in about a week or two.
Tularemia or rabbit fever
This bacterial infection is very common in rodents. Ticks are transmitted by flies and mosquitoes. Some of the most important symptoms are tremor, headache and muscle pain, difficulty breathing, excessive sweating and even weight loss.
If you or your family members are concerned about this, you should go to the doctor and have a blood culture, blood tests and chest x-ray. With treatment , only 1% of cases are fatal.
Other tick-borne diseases
There is an endless list of diseases transmitted by ticks. Some of the other big ones are babesiosis, rocky mountains spotted fever and rickettsial infections.
How to prevent tick bites
If you have children or pets, one of these parasites is likely to enter your home. They tend to hide where we are not paying attention. Here’s a way to minimize the risk of your family suffering from tick bites:
- Avoid areas with tall plants, especially shrubs and grass. It is always safer to walk on paths free of vegetation.
- Use insect repellents . A tick can climb on you, but it goes without bite because of the smell of chemicals.
- Avoid damp, shaded areas. When you want to be outdoors, it is best to be in the forest or in the more dry areas exposed to the sun in your garden. Make sure your children only play in these areas while they are out.
- Daily examination : Everyone who spends the day outside must check their bodies. You also need to check your dog and the clothes you wear. If you find a tick, carefully remove it so that it does not remain in the bite of your legs.
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