Guide dogs perform the most difficult tasks that all dogs can do. Today you can learn about the life of a guide dog . We will talk about their training , what they should do on a daily basis for the people they work with .
Things a guide dog does every day
Guide dogs help blind or visually impaired people. They help them walk on the street, show where and when it is safe to cross the street and take public transport with them.
They also help in the house. For example, they remove items falling to the ground and relocate them to make way for their owners . They also open doors and drawers for people with limited mobility.
Unlike other professional dogs, such as police dogs, a guide dog does not rest. They are like the eyes of their owners, and they are always with them. They need a very special and intensive training, since it involves a lot of knowledge about people’s social rules .
How a guide dog’s life begins: as a puppy
Guide dogs are born in associations where they are given to people who train them and help people throughout their lives. These associations make a genetic selection to find the most suitable personality and structure for such dogs.
The most common guide dog breeds are Labrador Retrievers , Golden Retrievers and German Wolves . Their personality follows this profile because they are intelligent, patient but determined dogs and have the ability to make decisions. They are born in highly controlled environments where people take precautions to avoid any complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
Unlike police dogs guide dog training does not start when puppies . These dogs spend the first year of their lives in a foster family. The task of this family is to show them the world and teach them to be good at all times.
The guide puppy returns to the association when he turns 1. Until then, these dogs have learned to live with a family, walk around the street, interact with people and dogs, behave well in restaurants, workplaces and public transport, and then start training.
When they return to the association, prospective guide dogs begin their training. A group of professionals teach them some things that are not easy for a dog, such as crossing the street safely, avoiding distractions (interacting with other dogs), and walking in a straight line.
They also learn to distinguish steps and stairs and prevent them from entering dangerous areas, such as where the owner can crash into low branches and awnings . The task of these dogs is to help keep their owners safe when they leave the house.
All of these skills are taught within a year. At the age of two, the dog will be ready to graduate and to spend the rest of his working life with an owner.
Not every dog can complete training at a high enough level because they cannot concentrate or learn quickly enough. If they cannot become a guide dog , the association makes them adopt a family that does not need a guide dog.
Adulthood and work as a guide dog
The life of a guide dog begins when he meets the owner. Upon graduation, someone who applies for such assistance is selected and an adaptation process begins, which involves the owner learning to understand what his dog says to him.
Then they go home and are ready to live together. The dog will always be under legal ownership of the association that trains it, and the association is responsible for its nutrition and veterinary care. They play a role in the health and well-being of the dog until the end of his working life.
As soon as the adaptation process is complete, the life of the guide dog is completely focused on the owner. They work 24 hours a day without rest because there is much to do in the street as well as at home.
Guide dogs usually work from 10 to 12 years of age. However, they can always retire early due to their own health or the health problems of their owners . Nevertheless, we say this only to give you an idea, the retirement age must be determined separately for each case.
When they reach retirement age, they should be decided: s owned by a family of people without special needs . In any case, they stop working and live and behave like all other pets.
Many instructors questioned the training and life of guide dogs . Some are developing new technologies for machines that will replace them one day.
The biggest criticism here is the intensive training these dogs receive. Although the schools that educated them said they were respectful, stated that their former employees were often used with collar and punishment methods which were harmful . Both are pretty problematic things for dogs.
People are also asked whether a dog can be happy 24 hours a day for most of his life. They mention that police dogs and actor dogs only work for a few hours a week and some days off.
Expectations from a guide dog require rejection of basic instincts, such as sniffing around, peeing in corners, or communicating with other dogs . Those who claim to be dogs in the past as guide dogs say that they have many physical and psychological traumas.
Guide dogs are a necessary part of life for many people. These dogs help them live their daily lives in exchange for compassion. But some people say that there are many problems in the way these dogs are trained and expected to survive.
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